Peter Brook's contributions to theater have spanned stage, film, and literary worlds. Brook was born in London, where he founded the Oxford University Film Society and received his Master of Arts degree at Oxford. His directorial history dates back to 1943 with his first production of Dr. Faustus at the Torch Theatre in London. Since then, he has become one of the most prolific directors in theater. In 1970, Brook founded the International Centre for Theatre Research in Paris, where he has presented works such as Conference of the Birds (1973), The Iks (1975), The Cherry Orchard (1981), The Tragedy of Carmen (1981), and The Mahabharata (1985), a nine-hour adaptation of the Indian epic poem. Peter Brook's longstanding relationship with BAM dates back to the 1970s, when BAM presented his innovative rendering of A Midsummer Night's Dream with the Royal Shakespeare Company. As part of the 1987 Next Wave Festival, he presented the nine-hour, three-part Indian epic The Mahabharata, for which BAM specifically renovated the Majestic Theater (renamed the BAM Harvey Theater in 1999). Following The Mahabharata, BAM produced Brook's adaptation of Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard in 1988, The Man Who in 1995, and, most recently, The Tragedy of Hamlet in 2001, The Suit in 2013, and Battlefield in 2016.